Abstract: A report highlighting the findings from Ereto 1, presenting and analysing the lessons and making recommendations for the 2nd phase of Ereto. Ereto 1 attempted to establish private veterinary services to pastoralists through a) subsidising the delivery of veterinary services to re-stocked families, and b) training of community based animal health workers to link to the private vet services and ensure delivery at community level. Levels of animal health were noticeably improved during the project period, but the intervention did not succeed in establishing private veterinary services in the area. The reasons for this are explained in the report, and the most significant reason identified was the lack of appropriate institutional and government support to the private vet service concept. The main lessons learned are:
::  Demand for veterinary services in pastoralist areas are high
::  Affordability and availability of veterinary drugs are determinants
::  Good policies, regulations and laws are important if veterinary service delivery to pastoralists is to succeed
::  Delivery of private veterinary services to pastoralists can be profitable and sustainable if the enabling environment is provided