Participatory Learning (PLA) methods were used to learn from the community about the cultural, historical and socio economic status of the community, and about the bio-physical environment of Olpiro village. Work patterns and threats to the production system were identified. The customary Tatoga institutions were identified and mapped and customary mechanisms and processes for poverty reduction identified. Poverty in the community was identified and locally accepted criteria for poverty and vulnerability to poverty were established. Using well-being ranking, the least well-off members of the community were identified for assistance from the community with support from the Ereto-NPP project.