Based on recognition that poverty is a complex, multi dimensional phenomenon, Ereto commissioned a Participatory Poverty Assessment to understand the factors that make people and communities vulnerable to poverty. The study reveals a range of factors contributing to poverty in Ngorongoro District. When faced with these factors (such as drought, illness, livestock disease) households do respond; but where the response for one reason or another is ineffective, the household falls into poverty. Policies and programs have a clear role to play in reducing vulnerability to poverty, by ensuring that households are able to respond effectively in poverty inducing situations. Areas for intervention, as proposed by the pastoralists who engaged with the process of developing the report, are:
:: Strategic water development to increase access to pasture, as well as increased domestic water supply
:: Livestock health service improved, and increased effective delivery through Community Based Animal Health Workers
:: Quality and quantity of health, education and communication infrastructure increased
:: The rights of women to have more decision making powers in the management of household resources increased.
The report continues to provide areas for Ereto intervention based on the PPA findings.