This paper reports a seminar held in Parliament and attended by a range of stakeholders. The seminar presented a) an in depth analysis of policies, strategies and programs affecting pastoralism, and b) a training program aimed at improving the understanding for the rational behind pastoralist production systems. The group discussions reveal that there is need for more training to improve the level of understanding amongst these key policy makers, as the recommendations fall back on the current conventions of 'modernisation', including introduction of exotic breeds, feed stuff production, enclosure and so on. It is recognised that civil society has a strong role to play in advocating for policies and laws that truly support pastoralist and agro-pastoralist livelihoods.