Ereto, Ngorongoro Pastoralist Project    

The Ereto, Ngorongoro Pastoralist Project (Ereto NPP) was active in Ngorongoro District from 1998 to 2009. Ngorongoro District in Northern Tanzania is the home to some 100.000 largely Maasai pastoralists practicing a mobile and open range livestock production. The district is large and remote and with limited access to government services. Poverty is widespread.

Ereto NPP was a donor funded (Danida) bilateral programme that for around 10 years supported poverty reduction among the pastoralists of the District. It focused on poverty reduction by assisting in such areas as improved water, veterinary services, women economic activities, restocking, building capacity and empowerment of local level institutions as well as supporting an improved policy dialogue on the understanding and future of pastoralism.

  A significant part of the support has been provided within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, a part of the District where a semi-autonomous conservation authority is having the upper hand in relation to all aspects of land use. Tthe purpose of the programme has also been to promote pastoralism as a sustainable land use that works perfectly well with sound conservation activities.

Generally, the pastoral production sector in Tanzania is characterised by low level of government support, understanding and acceptance, and pastoralists (around 1½ million people in Tanzania) living from mobile pastoral production are facing increasing difficulties in surviving due to loss of land and lack of supportive policies.

  Accordingly, it is important that lessons learned in relation to pastoralism and pastoral development is being further used by a wider audience of scholars and decision makers.

Ereto NPP did produce a range of relevant studies and documents that are of importance to understanding pastoralism and pastoral development in the area and beyond. On this webpage the relevant documents are made accessible to the general public. For each document there is a summary and the full documents can be downloaded.


Download Documents



ACORD, Ngorongoro Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Project, Phase 1 (2005-2008)

  Summary Download


Basstanie, H & Moono, Raphael ole (2004), Ngorongoro District HIV/AIDS Program Formulation Report

Summary Download


Brehony E, Mattee A, & Nangoro Benedict Ole (2004), Inclusion and Opportunity: A Way to Reduce Marginalisation and Vulnerability

  Summary Download


Coast, E (2002), HIV/AIDS in Ngorongoro District. A report for Ereto-NPP

  Summary Download


Ereto-NPP 2008, Options to Take Forward the Current Work of Ereto

  Summary Download


Ereto-NPP (2003). PLA Review of Olpiro Village, a Report for Ereto, (Swahili version) by James Moringe and William Ole Njoye

  Summary Download


Ereto-NPP, 2009 Lessons learned on Sustainability and Empowerment

  Summary Download


Hesse C & MacGregor J (2006), ‘Pastoralism; Drylands’ Invisible Asset? Developing a Framework for Assessing the Value of Pastoralism in East Africa’

  Summary Download


Kinabo L, Mlelwa P, Swai R & Didas P (2004), Improving the Delivery of Private Veterinary Services: Assessment Report

  Summary Download


Kipuri, N & Sorensen, C (2005), Lessons Learned from Ereto 1 and Implications for Policy Dialogue

  Summary Download


Kipuri N & Sorensen C (2008), Poverty, Pastoralism and Policy in Ngorongoro

  Summary Download


Maranga S (2001), Report on the Gender Study

  Summary Download


Mattee A.Z & Shem M (2006), Ambivalence and Contradiction. A Review of the Policy Environment in Tanzania in Relation to Pastoralism. IIED Issue paper 140

  Summary Download


Morindat A & Sakafu A (2002), What NCA Residents Say About Ereto 1 Performance and Possible Expansion of the Program, 11th & 12th December 2002

  Summary Download


Neselle M. ole (2008), Stakeholder’s Consultation Report, on Status of Access to Animal Health in Ngorongoro District

  Summary Download


Ochieng Odhiambo M (2002), Potential Institutional Placement and Links to Phase II: An Appraisal of the Institutional Framework for Sustaining the Development Interventions of Ereto

  Summary Download


Ochieng Odhiambo M (2008), Conflicts in Ngorongoro District: Causes, Consequences and Possible Solutions

  Summary Download


PINGO, Ereto II, Sand County Foundation (2006), Proceedings report on Joint Pastoralist Stakeholders’ Workshop on Policy and Legal Framework Environment in Tanzania

  Summary Download


PLTF (2006) The Place of Pastoralism in Modern Tanzania: Proceedings of a Seminar for Members of Parliament, Organised by the Rangelands and Livelihoods Working Group. September 2006

  Summary Download


Rowley J, Sangale L with Irene Karani(2007), IIED Reconcile Pastoral Civil Society Programme, A Review of Phase 1

  Summary Download


Rowley J & Sangale L (2003), Mbinu Shirikishi za Kujifunza na Kutenda (PLA Users Guide)

  Summary Download


Rowley J, (2002). Review of Lessons Learned in Phase I & Issues to be Considered in Phase II

  Summary Download


Sangale L (2000), Workshop Report on the Participatory Planning Workshop for Ereto 1, 5-7 October 2000

  Summary Download (English) Download (Swahili)


Sangale L (2004), Participatory Poverty Assessment on the Vulnerability of Pastoralists and Agro-pastoralist Communities

  Summary Download


Sorensen C (2005), Community Views on Best Practices and Lessons Learned from Ereto 1. A report held on the workshop held in Endulen, NCA, on 30th March 2005

  Summary Download


TCDC (2005), Report on Community Needs Assessment on Community Based Organisations, Ngorongoro District Council and Ereto II Project

  Summary Download


Walsh M (2007), Pastoralism and Policy Processes in Tanzania. A report to Tanzania Natural Resources Forum

  Summary Download